elastic modulus limestone

  • Application of ANN & MVRA to Predict Uniaxial Compressive ...

    Modulus of Elasticity, Limestone, Indirect estimation 1 TRODUCTION The geomechanical properties of the rocks like uniaxial compressive strength and modulus of elasticity are the two crucial parameters widely used in designing rock engineering projects. Uniaxial compressive strength is

  • Some Useful Numbers

    Modulus of rigidity ( ) Granite 24 GPa Shale 1.6 GPa Limestone 24 GPa Chalk 3.2 GPa Sandstone 0.4 GPa Steel 80 GPa Wood 4 GPa Glass 19 GPa Lithostatic pressure gradient 26.46 MPa/km (for = 2.70) Hydrostatic pressure gradient 9.8 MPa/km Unconfined compressive strength Granite 100-250 MPa Basalt 100-300 MPa Quartzite 150-300 MPa

  • Analyses of Lateral Loaded Piles with P-Y Curves ...

    modulus and p-y curves • Important and difficult task. • Selection of values of initial p-y modulus, E py-max, although related to the soil modulus, is also related to the interaction between the pile and the soil. • Reese and Van Impe (2001) point out that p-y curves and modulus are influenced by several pile related factors, such as:

  • KENTUCKY TRANSPORTATION CENTER

    resilient modulus and stresses. Furthermore, the resilient modulus can be predicted, using the UKTC resilient modulus model, when the stress condition and type of Kentucky base aggregate are known. Multiple regression analysis is used to obtain model coefficients, k1, k2, and k3, of the relationships between resilient modulus and

  • On the Ratios between Elastic Modulus and Uniaxial ...

     · Sonmez et al. and Ocak have shown that the elastic modulus can be estimated from uniaxial compressive strength and unit weight of the material this study, correlation between dry bulk density ρ and uniaxial compressive strength is weak: R 2 = 0.5642 for all 68 studied rock samples. The effect of dry bulk density (ρ, g/cm 3) on E and M R observed in this study is presented in Fig. 3.

  • WHAT ARE THE VALUES OF MODULUS OF ELASTICITY & …

     · Poisson''s Ratio of Rock. Poisson''s ratio measures the ratio of lateral strain to axial strain at linearly elastic region. For most rocks, the value of Poisson''s ratio ranges in between 0.15 to 0.40. Typical values of modulus of elasticity of some common are given in the table below.

  • Calculation of stresses with elastic modulus E in ULS and ...

    The type of aggregate also changes the calculation of elastic modulus. The aggregate type used in concrete is set for Quarzite as a default value. The reduction of modulus is considered for limestone or sandstone aggregate and for basalt aggregate it applies the increase of elastic modulus.

  • Modulus of Elasticity for Metals

    Modulus of elasticity (or also referred to as Young''s modulus) is the ratio of stress to strain in elastic range of deformation. For typical metals, modulus of elasticity is in the range between 45 GPa (6.5 x 10 6 psi) to 407 GPa (59 x 10 6 psi). Modulus of elasticity is also a measure of material''s stiffness or resistance to elastic deformation.

  • (PDF) Typical Values of Young''s Elastic Modulus and ...

    Typical Values of Young''s Elastic Modulus and Poisson''s Ratio for Pavement Materials Young''s Elastic Modulus Poisson''s Ratio Material (E or Mr), psi (μ or ν) Asphalt concrete 32 F 2,000,000 – 5,000,000 0.25 – 0.30 (uncracked) 70 F 300,000 – 500,000 0.30 – 0.35 140 F 20,000 – 50,000 0.35 – 0.40 Portland cement concrete 3,000,000 – 5,000,000 0.15 (uncracked) Similar to ...

  • Rock mass properties

    deformation modulus of rock masses was made by Hoek and Diederichs (2006). ... Limestone, marble, phyllite, sandstone, schist, shale R3 Medium strong 25 - 50 1 - 2 Cannot be scraped or peeled with a pocket knife, specimen can be fractured with a single blow from a geological

  • Mechanical characterization of limestone from sound ...

    , static elasticity modulus, E 0, and Poisson''s ratio, 𝜈. Lastly, correlation laws were proposed on the basis of data obtained from 14 authors in the existing literature and from the results of the experimental campaign. The aim is to cover a wide and varied range of limestone types.

  • The study of the elastic properties of carbonate rocks on ...

    Dynamic elastic moduli The knowledge of longitudinal and shear waves velocities allow to calculate values of dynamic elastic moduli (Kearey and Brooks 1991; Burger 1992). Young''s modulus (E) is the measure of the stiffness of a rock and can be defined in terms of bulk modulus (K) as E =3K(1−2ν) (1)

  • Strength Characteristics for Limestone and Dolomite Rock ...

    Limestone and Dolomite which comes under a category of soft to medium hard strength where used for this study using microfine cement as a binder material to obtain strength characteristics and failure mechanisms. Also it is intended to determine modulus of elasticity (secant modulus) for various rock matrix and its comparison

  • Concrete Elastic Modulus For Various Aggregate Types ...

     · BS8110, Ec28 = 5.5cu28 /áµ) and Et /Ec28 = 0.4 + 0.6ft /f28 where, Ec28 = concrete elastic modulus at 28 days. fcu28 = characteristic concrete strength at 28 days. Ko = stiffness factor of aggregates (usually taken as. 20Gpa, and 0.2 is a coefficient) by Teychenne. but Code varying from 14 to …

  • What is the elastic modulus of Limestone?

    4.2.1 Elastic Modulus Testing A compressometer was used to measure deflection and calculate the modulus of elasticity for the FDOT limestone core samples tested in compression. The SR20 field cores were tested with the LVDT''s attached to the upper platen with measurements taken on the lower platen. Both testing

  • Elastic and mechanical properties of Etna basalt

    changes in their elastic properties. • However, the effect of stress-cycling on mechanical and elastic properties of volcanic rock remains largely unknown. Modelling of Mt. Etna has previously assumed values of Young''s modulus ranging from 50-100 GPa and a Poisson''s ratio of 0.25 [Cayol and Cornet, 1998; Bonaccorso and Davis, 1999].

  • Modulus of Elasticity and Strength

     · The Modulus of the elasticity is the ratio of stress to corresponding strain below the proportional limit. • For granites and limestone the modulus of elasticity in compression is in the range 2,000,000 – 7,000,000 psi. • Sandstone has lower value modulus, which may …

  • Rock Mechanics

    Determining the modulus of elasticity E t50! Plotting E t50 value of a rock vs the unconfined compressive strength gives a visual comparison of the strength and modulus values of different rocks. ! M R= E t50 / σ a (unconfined compressive strength) - Modulus Ratio – …

  • Elastic Modulus – Pavement Interactive

    The modulus of elasticity for a material is basically the slope of its stress-strain plot within the elastic range (as shown in Figure 1). Figure 2 shows a stress versus strain curve for steel. The initial straight-line portion of the curve is the elastic range for the steel. If the …

  • MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MASONRY SAMPLES FOR …

    M2, showed the lowest elastic modulus and compressive strength compared to the other masonry samples. Table 4. Elastic modulus and compressive strength for masonry samples (Test) Bricks Mortar Elastic modulus (N/mm²) Compressive strength (N/mm²) London brick M4 3750 3.7 Ibstock M2 3148 3.0 ) …

  • EFFECT OF THE INCORPORATION OF SLAG, FLY ASH AND …

    limestone calcined clay on the compressive strength, elastic modulus and shrinkage of concrete a thesis submitted by t. sakthivel for the award of the degree of doctor of philosophy department of civil engineering indian institute of technology madras chennai, india july 2019 .

  • Fatigue Characteristics of Limestone under Triaxial ...

    3.2.2. Elastic Modulus. Figure 9 shows the elastic modulus evolution process of sample SA. 6 as a function of cycle number, excluding the unloading elastic modulus (−2800.24 MPa) of the last cycle at the 2nd cyclic loading. The unloading elastic modulus is larger than the loading elastic modulus except for the last cycle at the failure ...

  • Materials Data Book

    Young''s modulus E = initial slope of σt −εt curve = initial slope of σn −εn curve. Yield stress σy is the nominal stress at the limit of elasticity in a tensile test. Tensile strength σts is the nominal stress at maximum load in a tensile test. Tensile ductility εf is the nominal plastic …

  • THE DEFORMATION MODULUS OF ROCK MASSES

    2. ON DEFORMATION AND ELASTIC MODULI 2.1 Definitions Deformability is characterized by a modulus describing the relationship between the applied load and the resulting strain. The fact that jointed rock masses do not behave elastically has prompted the usage of the term modulus of deformation rather than modulus of elasticity or Young''s modulus.

  • Estimating in situ rock mass strength and elastic modulus ...

     · Knowledge of the strength and elastic modulus of a reservoir rock is important for the optimisation of a particular geothermal resource. The reservoir rock for many geothermal projects in the Upper Rhine Graben, such as those at Soultz-sous-Forêts and Rittershoffen (both France), is porphyritic granite. High fracture densities (up to ~ 30 fractures/m) in this reservoir rock require that we ...

  • Crain''s Petrophysical Handbook | Elastic Constants

    The best known elastic constants are the bulk modulus of compressibility, Young''s Modulus (elastic modulus), and Poisson''s Ratio. The dynamic elastic constants can be derived with appropriate equations, using sonic log compressional and shear travel time along with density log data. ... Limestone 0.310: Dolomite 0.283: Anhydrite 0.319 ...

  • Elastic properties of common sedimentary rock forming ...

    Elastic properties of common sedimentary rock forming minerals. ... Bulk modulus 10 9 Pa Shear modulus 10 9 Pa Density, g/cm 3; Solid quartz 37 44 2.65 Feldspar (ave) 37.5 15 2.62 Plagioclase 76 26 2.63 Clay variable* variable* variable* Calcite 77 32 2.71 Dolomite 95 45 2.87 Anhydrite 45 29 2.98 Siderite 124 51 3.96 Pyrite 147 132 4.93 ...

  • Direct Tensile Behavior of Limestone and Sandstone with ...

     · The elastic modulus (the slope of the linear segment of stress–strain curves) and average deformation modulus (the ratio of peak stress to corresponding strain) are presented for limestone bedding planes, while only the average deformation modulus is presented for sandstone bedding planes because there is no elastic deformation stage in ...

  • STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSES 1 ...

    represents the elastic rock response. Using AE (acoustic emission) devices, it has been found ... Limestone Sandstone Sandstone Sandstone Mudstone Limestone Limestone Ironstone Sandstone 18.00 ± 0.62 (20) 19.17 ± 0.21 (23) ... (sometimes called the modulus …

  • How to Calculate Elastic Modulus | Sciencing

     · The modulus of elasticity, also known as Young''s modulus, is a material property and a measure of its stiffness under compression or tension. Stress is applied to force per unit area, and strain is proportional change in length. The modulus of elasticity formula is simply stress divided by strain.

  • Mechanical property and thermal damage factor of limestone ...

     · Experiments with ten groups of limestone specimens (four samples per group) under ten specific temperatures, 25 °C, 100 °C, 200 °C, 300 °C, 400 °C, 500 °C, 600 °C, 700 °C, 800 °C, and 900 °C, show that the high-temperature effect on the elastic modulus of rocks conforms to thermoelastic responses with a quadratic temperature function.

  • Composite elasticity of Copenhagen limestone

     · The elastic properties of the Copenhagen Limestone matrix material are spanning over more than two scales of magnitude. The sizes of rock constituents, the bulk density and the degree of induration of matrix material vary. The measured value of the elastic modulus …

  • Coarse Aggregate Properties

    The mineral makeup of the aggregate also influences the modulus of elasticity of concrete. In a study by Aitcin and Mehta, they tested four different types of aggregates: diabase, limestone, gravel, and granite. Their test results showed that the limestone and diabase aggregates gave the highest values for the elastic modulus.

  • Testing of Drilled Shafts Socketed Into Limestone

    Input parameters included the rock uniaxial compressive strength and elastic modulus. The load test results are compared to the predictions herein, and the practical application of these comparisons is demonstrated ... Limestone of Miocene age (Menke, Meredith, and Wetterhall, 1961). 213 .

  • Project Highlights

    A ready-mixed, cast-in-place, silica fume SCC application, utilizing the silica fume to boost modulus of elasticity performance with local limestone and achieve high strength concrete versus a mix design with imported granite aggregate. At 750 feet height (230m) this building became the tallest structure in the USA south of Atlanta.

  • Limestone

    Limestone, Sedimentary rock; critical mineral is calcite (CaCO 3, calcium carbonate, 90-). Limestone comes in many colors and textures, depending on its precursors. Property values are typical of Limestone used in construction. Actual

  • FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

    produced in Florida is a limestone material that is more porous, less dense, and softer than limestone produced from other areas of the U.S. To differentiate between limestone produced in Florida and limestone produced elsewhere, ... correction factor of 0.9 is used in the calculation of elastic modulus from compressive strength testing for ...

  • Prediction of Building Limestone Physical and Mechanical ...

     · Several limestone specimens were tested and correlation between ultrasonic velocity and density, compressive strength, and modulus of elasticity is presented and discussed. The effectiveness of ultrasonic velocity was evaluated by regression, with the aim of observing the coefficient of determination between and the aforementioned parameters.

  • BACK CALCULATION DETERMINATION OF THE MODULUS …

    Keywords: Back calculation, pressuremeter, modulus elasticity, limestone INTRODUCTION Pressuremeter Test (PMT) is one of the geotechnical testing equipment in the field to obtain the modulus of elasticity parameters. According to Gambin (1990), PMT was first put forward by Kogler in …

  • Modulus of elasticity of masonry wall

     · The limestone is located on the facade. this limestone is backed with plain concrete. i got stress-strain curve for the limestone face and stress-strain curve for the plain concrete face. My question is: how can i get the modulus of elasticity of this wall from the two stress-strain curves. any suggestion and any referance? best regards

  • Young''s Modulus

    Young''s Modulus - Tensile and Yield Strength for common Materials. Tensile Modulus - or Young''s Modulus alt. Modulus of Elasticity - is a measure of stiffness of an elastic material. It is used to describe the elastic properties of objects like wires, rods or columns when they are stretched or compressed. Tensile Modulus is defined as the.